Teaching Number Sense

Building a strong foundation when teaching number sense is essential for young learners in kindergarten and 1st grade as they begin their mathematical journey. Number sense encompasses a range of skills, from counting and recognizing numbers to understanding basic addition and subtraction concepts.

In this guide, we’ll explore a step-by-step approach to teaching number sense to young children, using engaging activities and resources to support their learning. By providing hands-on experiences and interactive lessons, we aim to foster a deep understanding of numbers and mathematical concepts. This sets students up for success in their mathematical endeavors. Let’s dive in and discover how to make numbers come alive for our youngest learners.

Introduction to Numbers (0-10)

  • Begin by introducing numbers 0 through 10 using visual aids like number cards or number lines.
  • Encourage students to count aloud and associate each number with a quantity of objects (e.g., five apples, three pencils).

Teaching Number Sense Games

  • Play fun number recognition games such as “Number Bingo” or “Number Hide and Seek” using resources like those found in the “Number Sense Activities” packet from Teachers Pay Teachers.
  • Incorporate activities where students match numerals to corresponding quantities, such as matching the numeral “3” to a group of three objects.

Counting Practice

  • Provide plenty of opportunities for students to practice counting objects up to 10.
  • Use manipulatives like counting cubes, buttons, or toys for hands-on counting activities.
  • Utilize worksheets or printable activities from the resource packet where students count objects and write the corresponding numeral.

Number Order

  • Teach students to sequence numbers from 0 to 10 in the correct order.
  • Use interactive activities like “Number Puzzles” where students arrange number pieces in sequential order.
  • Incorporate number sequencing games or songs to make learning fun and engaging.

Teaching Number Sense and Comparing Numbers

  • Introduce the concept of comparing numbers using terms like “greater than,” “less than,” and “equal to.”
  • Use visual aids like number cards or number lines to demonstrate comparisons.
  • Engage students in activities where they compare quantities of objects and identify which group has more or fewer items.

Basic Addition and Subtraction

  • Introduce simple addition and subtraction concepts using concrete objects.
  • Use visual representations like “Addition Stories” or “Subtraction Stories” from the resource packet to help students understand the concepts.
  • Provide hands-on activities where students combine or take away objects to find the total or difference.

Review and Reinforcement

  • Review number sense concepts regularly through games, activities, and worksheets.
  • Offer reinforcement activities from the resource packet to ensure students have multiple opportunities to practice and apply what they’ve learned.
  • Provide positive reinforcement and praise to encourage students as they develop their number sense skills.

Assessment and Progress Monitoring

  • Use informal assessments like observation, questioning, or simple quizzes to gauge students’ understanding of number sense concepts.
  • Monitor students’ progress over time and provide additional support or interventions as needed to ensure mastery.

By following these steps and incorporating engaging activities and resources, you can effectively teach number sense to kindergarten and 1st-grade students, laying a strong foundation for their future mathematical learning.

Happy Teaching

Let’s Teach! Lori


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